Regular Exercise Helps Muscles Repair Themselves After Injury

Toronto: You now have another reason to hit the gym routinely as you grow older, with researchers having found that regular exercise plays a critical role in helping muscles repair themselves as quickly as possible after injury.

For many mammals, including humans, the speed of muscle repair slows as they grow older, and it was once thought that complete repair could not be achieved after a certain age, researchers said.

The new study shows that after only eight weeks of exercise, old mice experienced faster muscle repair and regained more muscle mass than those of the same age that had not exercised, they said.

This is important, as it further highlights exercise’s therapeutic potential.

“Exercise pre-conditioning may improve the muscle repair response in older adults to stimuli such as acute periods of atrophy/inactivity and/or damage,” said Gianni Parise from McMaster University in Canada.

“Exercise-conditioning rescues delayed skeletal muscle regeneration observed in advanced age,” said Parise. Researchers used three groups of mice – old mice that were exercise trained, old mice that were not exercise trained, and young mice that were not exercised trained.

In the first group, old mice were trained three days/week for eight weeks. The effect of exercise in ageing muscle was measured by comparing the three groups of mice.

Changes in muscle repair with ageing were determined by injecting the old mice and young mice (neither group exercised) with snake venom commonly used to induce muscle injury in rodent studies.

These mice were compared prior to muscle injury, 10 days following injury and 28 days following injury.

“This is a clean demonstration that the physiological and metabolic benefits of exercise radiate to skeletal muscle satellite cells, the adult stem cells responsible for repair after injury, even in senescent animals,” said Thoru Pederson, editor-in-chief of the FASEB Journal where the findings were published.

“Strikingly, even as the contractile elements of muscle tissue wane with age, the capacity of the satellite cells to respond to exercise cues is maintained. This ageing-resistant retentive property could be added to the list of features that define adult stem cells,” he said.