Greek citizens rejected the lenders June 25 proposal for a reforms-for-cash deal with 61.5 percent of votes against 38.5 percent, with 88 percent of the votes counted, according to the latest data released by the Interior Ministry. Voters’ participation exceeded the 61 percent.
The outcome may determine whether Greece would remain afloat and in the euro zone with creditors’ further assistance or head to a disorderly default and possible Grexit should lenders interpret it as NO to Europe, as officials and analysts in Greece and across the world have warned.
“I know well that NO, your mandate, is not for a break with Europe, but for the achievement of a sustainable debt deal with no waste of time,” the Leftist Premier said on Sunday night, sticking to his government’s argument ahead of the referendum that a sound NO would boost their negotiating position in talks with lenders as of Monday.
“The question was not inside or outside the euro, but what kind of Europe Greeks wanted,” Tsipras stressed, adding that Greek people sent a message in favor of “a Europe of solidarity and democracy.
The Greek government’s first priorities after the referendum’s results was to seek the resumption of negotiations with lenders, requesting a debt relief to make the Greek debt load sustainable, and restore stability in the banking sector, he said.
Greece’s banking system was teetering at the brink of collapse since the European emergency liquidity aid (ELA) was freezed last weekend after his shock call for the referendum and as negotiations continued for five months.
In a bid to heal the wounds opened in recent days in Greek society which was divided between the NO and YES, the Greek leader made a plea for national unity to prevail as of Monday.
He said he would ask the President of the Greek Republic Prokopis Pavlopoulos to call a meeting of the Council of the leaders of all political parties represented in parliament in coming hours to exchange views on the next steps the country should take.
Main opposition conservative New Democracy (ND) party leader and former Prime Minister Antonis Samaras who backed the YES resigned on Sunday evening.
“The referendum does not have winners and losers…. From now on we are all united,” Tsipras underlined, urging Greeks to work hard to restore social cohesion and thanking the European citizens who showed solidarity with Greek people.
Thousands of supporters of the NO and the ruling two-partite coalition government of the Radical Left SYRIZA and the Right- wing Independent Greeks took to the streets of Athens in front of the parliament to celebrate the victory.
However, proponents of the YES and analysts drew caution to the possible reactions of lenders and the impact on the Greek economy and society.
As an emergency euro zone summit and Euro Group were expected to be convened later this week, opposition parties leaders, media commentators and financial experts feared that the “mutually beneficial” deal the government expected to be sealed within 48 hours -and the reopening of banks on Tuesday- would take much more time- if achieved.
Without an urgent liquidity injection from ELA Greek cabinet ministers and bankers have admitted that ATMs will run out of cash by Tuesday, despite the capital controls introduced since last Monday.
Without the safety net of the bailout program that kept it afloat over the past five years that expired on June 30 and in arrears status to International Monetary Fund from the same day, should Tsipras’ government fails to reach a “viable” deal soon, Greece could be led to a nightmarish default and possible exit from the euro zone shortly, analysts warned.