Allah, all praise and glory be to Him, is the Sole All-Knower of the Unseen and Seen. Some people may wonder why the word ‘Seen’ was stated here, when what is intended by it is the present world? We say that it is stated to negate the false belief that because Allah, all praise and glory be to Him, is unseen to us He only knows the Unseen. That Allah, Whose Majesty reigns supreme, is unaware of the present world we live, but the truth is that Allah possesses the two worlds, the Unseen and Seen. Its statement thus closes the door on wrong interpretation and reasoning. Allah, all praise and glory be to Him, masters the Unknown and is omniscient of whatever happens in worldly life. Nothing whatsoever escapes His Knowledge in the heavens or in the earth. On the other hand, ‘The All-Knower of the Unseen’ signifies that Allah knows all that is hidden from us, and as aforesaid, we know but little, very little about the universe. Therefore, the Name, ‘The All-Knower of the Unseen’ commands an absolute knowledge mastered by Allah, all praise and glory be to Him, for whatever is hidden from us is known by Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He. The universe is hidden from us, but Allah is the All-Knower of it. The world of the jinn is also hidden from us, but nothing of it escapes the Knowledge of Allah, The Exalted and EverMajestic. The world of the angels is hidden from us, but Allah, The Omniscient, knows it entirely and whatever descends unto land or ascends to heaven are both obscure to us, but Allah, Whose Majesty reigns supreme, possesses them all. Also, the Barzakh [the grave as the barrier or the intermediate realm that separates between this world and the other world from the time of death till the time of Resurrection] world, Doomsday, Judgment, the Hereafter, Paradise and Hellfire all are hidden from us but Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, is the All-Knower of them all.
THE INFINITE KNOWLEDGE OF ALLAH:
What will follow the Day of Judgment is hidden from us but Allah knows it all. What occurs in the depths of the earth is hidden from us but Allah knows it all. The fruit that will sprout after a thousand years is hidden from us but Allah knows all about it. The human that will be born hours before the Day of Judgment is hidden from us but Allah knows all about him. The leaf that will fall after hundreds or thousands of years is hidden from us but Allah knows all about it. All world events that will take place are hidden from us but Allah knows them all. Let us recite the noble Qur’anic verses in which The Truth, praise be to Him, says (what means):
“No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz), before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allâh. In order that you may not be sad over matters that you fail to get, nor rejoice because of that which has been given to you. And Allâh likes not prideful boasters.”
(Al-Hadîd, 57: 22-23)
Through these Qur’anic verses Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, wanted to free the believers from anxiety and restlessness because they afflict the body with deadly diseases. For the believers to lead a good blessed life, Allah, be ever gloried His Majesty and Might, commanded them neither to be grieved over matters they failed to get, nor rejoice because of what has been given them, since all are the decreed Destines of Allah with a wisdom hidden behind. For the matters they failed to get might be an evil that Allah has warded off, and the gains they got might be unfavorable to them, so they should not rejoice because of them. Let us start from the beginning, before creating the universe Allah, all praise and glory be to Him, possessed absolute knowledge of all its events. Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, designed the purpose of everything, as one must assign the goal before starting the realization. For instance, if we want to construct a building, do we just go ahead and build it? Or do we bring the architects and ask them to construct us a building? Of course not! But first we have to design it, as the structure differs according to the purpose of its use. If we wanted to build a house it would definitely differs from constructing a factory or the headquarters of a company. So, first comes the purpose, then after assigning it follows the execution.